双语《中国的亚太安全合作政策》白皮书4

2021-03-17 英语六级

二、中国的亚太安全理念

II. China’s Security Vision for the Asia-Pacific Region

理念是行动的先导,解决新问题需要新理念。面对蓬勃发展的区域一体化进程,冷战思维、零和博弈、武力至上的陈旧安全理念已不合时宜。新形势下,各国应与时俱进,以开放包容精神加强团结合作,创新安全理念,推动完善地区安全架构,为维护亚太安全探索出新路径。

Visions guide actions, and to solve new problems new visions are required. Old security concepts based on the Cold War mentality, zero-sum game, and stress on force are outdated given the dynamic development of regional integration. In the new circumstances, all countries should keep up with the times, strengthen solidarity and cooperation with openness and inclusiveness, make security vision innovations, work to improve regional security systems and explore a new path for Asian security.

(一)共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观

1. Concept of Common, Comprehensive, Cooperative and Sustainable Security

共同安全,就是要尊重和保障每一个国家安全,不能一部分国家安全而另一部分国家不安全,更不能牺牲别国安全谋求自身所谓绝对安全。要尊重并照顾各方合理安全关切。强化针对第三方的军事同盟不利于维护地区共同安全。

Common security means respecting and ensuring the security of each and every country involved. We cannot just have the security of one or some countries while leaving the rest insecure, still less should we seek “absolute security” of oneself at the expense of the security of others. We should respect and accommodate the legitimate security concerns of all parties. To beef up a military alliance targeted at a third party is not conducive to maintaining common security.

综合安全,就是要统筹维护传统领域和非传统领域安全。通盘考虑地区安全问题的历史经纬和现实状况,多管齐下、综合施策,协调推进地区安全治理。既着力解决当前突出的安全问题,又统筹谋划应对各类潜在安全威胁。

Comprehensive security means upholding security in both traditional and non-traditional fields. We should take into full account the historical background and reality concerning regional security, adopt a multi-pronged and holistic approach, and enhance regional security governance in a coordinated way. While tackling the immediate security challenges facing the region, we should also make plans for addressing potential security threats.

合作安全,就是要通过对话合作促进各国和本地区安全。通过坦诚深入的对话沟通,增进战略互信,减少相互猜疑,求同化异、和睦相处。着眼共同挑战,积极培育合作应对意识,不断扩大合作领域、创新合作方式,以合作谋和平、以合作促安全。

Cooperative security means promoting the security of both individual countries and the region as a whole through dialogue and cooperation. The countries involved should engage in sincere and in-depth dialogue and communication to increase strategic mutual trust, reduce mutual misgivings, seek common ground while resolving differences and live in harmony with one another. We should bear in mind the common challenges and actively foster the awareness of meeting security challenges through cooperation. And we should expand the scope of and explore new ways for cooperation, and promote peace and security through cooperation.

可持续安全,就是要发展和安全并重以实现持久安全。各方应聚焦发展主题,积极改善民生,缩小贫富差距,不断夯实安全的根基。推动共同发展和区域一体化进程,推动区域经济合作和安全合作良性互动、齐头并进,以可持续发展促进可持续安全。

Sustainable security means that the countries involved need to focus on both development and security to realize durable security. All the parties should focus on development, actively improve people’s lives and narrow the wealth gap so as to cement the foundation of security. We should advance common development and regional integration, and push for sound interactions and the synchronized progress of regional economic and security cooperation in order to promote sustainable security through sustainable development.

这一安全观顺应全球化与和平、发展、合作、共赢的时代潮流,扎根于地区经济一体化进程,汇聚了地区国家的智慧和共识,体现了各方合作应对安全挑战的迫切需求,为亚太安全合作开辟了新的广阔前景。

This security concept is in tune with globalization and the historical trend of the times featuring peace, development, and mutually beneficial cooperation. Rooted in regional integration, it has gathered the wisdom and consensus of the countries in the region, reflects the urgent need of all parties to cope with security challenges through cooperation, and opened broad prospects for regional security cooperation.

(二)完善地区安全架构

2. Improving the Regional Security Framework

维护亚太长治久安,关键在于构建面向未来、符合地区实际、满足各方需要的安全架构。

The key to maintaining the long-term stability of the Asia-Pacific region is to build a security framework which is oriented to the future, accords with regional realities and meets all parties’ needs.

第一,未来的地区安全架构应是多层次、复合型和多样化的。地区国家历史传统、政治体制、发展水平、安全关切各有不同。亚太地区既有东盟主导的多个安全合作机制和上海合作组织、亚洲相互协作与信任措施会议等平台,也有历史形成的`军事同盟。这种多样性决定了区域内短期难以形成统一的安全框架,多种机制齐头并进将是地区安全架构演进过程中的“常态”。各国都应为维护地区和平稳定发挥作用。中国推动构建亚太安全架构,不是另起炉灶,不是推倒重来,而是对现有机制的完善和升级。

First, the future regional security framework should be multi-layered, comprehensive and diversified. Countries in the Asia-Pacific region differ in their historical traditions, political systems, levels of development and security concerns. In this region, there are ASEAN-led security cooperation mechanisms and platforms such as the SCO and CICA, as well as military alliances formed in history. Given such a diversity, a consistent security framework in this region is not foreseeable in the near future, and it will be normal to see multiple mechanisms advancing together in the evolution of a regional security framework. All the countries involved should play their respective roles in safeguarding regional peace and stability. China promotes the building of a security framework in the Asia-Pacific region, which does not mean starting all over again, but improving and upgrading the existing mechanisms.

第二,未来的地区安全架构建设应是地区国家的共同事业。多极化是全球大势所趋,地区安全事务应由地区国家平等参与、共同决定。地区安全架构建设事关地区国家的共同利益,需要各方积极参与,作出力所能及的贡献。亚太是大国利益集中、互动频繁的地区,大国应共同推动完善地区安全架构,更有效地应对日趋复杂的安全挑战。有关双边军事同盟应增加透明度,避免对抗性,为地区和平稳定发挥建设性作用。

Second, building the future security framework should be adopted as a common cause by all the countries in the region. As multi-polarity is becoming a global trend, regional security affairs should be decided by all the countries in the region through equal participation. The development of a regional security framework involves the common interests of all the countries in the region, and requires the active participation and contribution of all parties. The Asia-Pacific area is a region where major powers come into frequent contact and where their interests are concentrated. The major powers should jointly promote a regional security framework, so as to effectively deal with the increasingly complex security challenges in the region. Relevant bilateral military alliances should be made more transparent and avoid confrontation, so as to play a constructive role in the sphere of regional peace and stability.

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