高考英语备考单词用法说明

2021-01-12 高考备考

  attend 用法说明

  1. 表示“参加”、“出席”,通常用作及物动词,其宾语通常是meeting, party, show, wedding, class, lecture, school, church等(以及类似具有“活动”意义的名词)。如:

  Did you attend the meeting yesterday? 你昨天去开会了吗?

  He was ill and didn’t attend school. 他有病,没有去上学。

  Her lecture was well attended. 听她演讲的人很多。

  有时 attend 后的宾语可以省略,此时为不及物动词。如:

  They had a quiet wedding --- only a few friends attended (it). 他们的婚礼静悄悄的,只有几个朋友参加。

  attend 表示“参加”(会议等)与 join (“加入”某一组织并成为其中一个成员----become a member of)不同,参见并比较 join的有关用法。

  2. 表示医生或护士等的“治疗”、“护理”、“照顾”等,可用作及物或不及物动词;用作不及动词时其后通常接介词 on(若省略,即为及物)。如:

  Which doctor is attending you? 哪个医生在给你治疗?

  She was attended by Dr Smith. 她由史密斯医生治疗。

  I have a good doctor attending (on) me. 我有一个很好的`医生在给我治病。

  有时也与介词 to 连用(见以下有关用法)。

  3. 用于短语 attend to, 主要用来表示。如:

  ①注意听。如:

  Attend carefully (to what he’s saying). 注意听(他讲的话)。

  If you don’t attend (to your teacher),you will never learn anything. 你要是不注意听(老师讲),你就会什么也学不到。②处理;办理。如:

  I’ll attend to it. 这事我来办。

  I may be late----I have one or two things to attend to. 我可能会迟到,我还有一两件事要处理。③照顾;照看。如:

  If you go out, who will attend to the baby?你要是出去,谁来照顾婴儿?

  Will you attend to the shop for a few minutes while I go to the bank? 在我去银行时你帮我照看一下店铺好吗? ④接待;招待。如:

  Are you being attended to, sir? 先生,有人招呼你了吗?(主要用于店员招呼顾客用)

  I’m too busy. I can’t attend to you now. 我很忙,现在不能接待你。⑤专心;关心。如:

  Attend to your work and stop talking. 专心工作,不要说话。

  Parents must attend to the education of their children. 父母必须要关心子女的教育。⑥治疗;医治。如:

  His injury was attended to by a young doctor. 他的伤由一位年轻医生医治。

  摘自《中学英语高频词详解词典》

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