高考英语试卷参考

2021-01-10 高考英语

  在高考这场没有硝烟的战场上,好的状态胜于好的方法,好的方法胜于勤奋。高考加油!以下是小编为大家搜集整理提供到的.高考英语试卷,希望对您有所帮助。欢迎阅读参考学习!

  第Ⅰ卷

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从试题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. How did the woman feel when she was called by the head?

  A. She was pleased. B. She was relaxed. C. She was nervous.

  2. What is the woman doing?

  A. Offering help. B. Asking for help. C. Asking for permission

  3. Where does this conversation take place?

  A. In a bookstore. B. In a library. C. In the post office.

  4. How much does the man have to pay?

  A. 20 dollars. B. 30 dollars. C. 40 dollars.

  5. What can we learn from the conversation?

  A. The woman will go to the airport by taxi.

  B. The woman is asking the man for advice.

  C. The woman's car has broken down.

  第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第 6 段材料,回答第 6-8 题。

  6. On which day of February will the painting class start?

  A. 16th. B. 18th. C. 20th.

  7. How many times a week will a learner go to the painting classes?

  A. Once. B. Twice. C. Three times.

  8. How much will a member of the Painting Club pay?

  A. $ 140. B. $ 100. C. $ 70.

  听第 7 段材料,回答第 9-11 题。

  9. Where is the man living?

  A. 17 Mallett Street. B. 70 Mallett Street. C. 17 Marett street.

  10. Which house is on fire?

  A. Number 16. B. Number 18. C. Number 20.

  11. Why is there nobody in the house on fire?

  A. They went shopping. B. They went to work.

  C. They went abroad on holiday.

  听第 8 段材料,回答第 12-14 题。

  12. What is Mr. Carson doing when Mr. Prince calls him?

  A. Attending a meeting. B. Having a talk with his customer.

  C. Having lunch with his friends.

  13. What’s Mr. Prince’s telephone number?

  A. 68621427 extension 4063. B. 68262714 extension 4306.

  C. 68261427 extension 4036.

  14. When can Mr. Garson ring Mr. Prince according to the woman?

  A. In the morning. B. After lunch C. It is not mentioned.

  听第 9 段材料,回答第 15-17 题。

  15. What do we learn about the woman?

  A. She is 20. B. She is too old. C. She swims every day.

  16. How old was the woman when she was famous?

  A. She was twenty. B. She was thirteen. C. She was fifteen.

  17. What do we learn about the woman from the dialogue?

  A. She took part in the Olympic Games.

  B. She still swims for international competitions.

  C. She used to swim thirty-five miles every day.

  听第 10 段材料,回答第 18-20 题。

  18. Where did Henry Ford come from?

  A. Germany. B. America. C. Australia.

  19. How much did Henry get every week when he worked in a machine shop?

  A. $2.15. B. $2.5. C. $5.

  20. Which of the following is NOT true according to the speech?

  A. Henry began to work for money at the age of 6.

  B. As a boy Henry enjoyed repairing watches and machines.

  C. Henry was the inventor of the first car.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  George Gershwin, born in 1898, was one of America’s greatest composers. He published his first song when he was eighteen years old. During the next twenty years he wrote more than five hundred songs. Many of Gershwin’s songs were first written for musical plays performed in theatres in New York City. These plays were a popular form of entertainment in the 1920s and 1930s. Many of his songs have remained popular as ever. Over the years they have been sung and played in every possible way—from jazz to country.

  In the 1920s there was a debate in the United States about jazz music. Could jazz, some people asked, be considered serious music? In 1924 jazz musician and orchestra leader Paul Whiteman decided

  to organize a special concert to show that jazz was serious music. Gershwin agreed to compose something for the concert before he realized he had just a few weeks to do it. And in that short time, he composed a piece for piano and orchestra which he called Rhapsody in Blue. Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert. The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. It made him world-famous and showed that jazz music could be both serious and popular.

  In 1928, Gershwin went to Paris. He applied to study composition with the well-known musician Nadia Boulanger, but she rejected him. She was afraid that classical study would ruin his jazz-influenced style. While there, Gershwin wrote An American in Paris. When it was first performed, critics were divided over the music. Some called it happy and full of life, to others it was silly and boring. But it quickly became popular in Europe and the United States. It still remains one of his most famous works.

  George Gershwin died in 1937, just days after doctors learned he had brain cancer. He was only thirty nine years old. Newspapers all over the world reported his death on their front pages. People mourned the loss of the man and all the music he might have still written.

  21. Many of Gershwin’s musical works were________.

  A. written about New Yorkers B. composed for Paul Whiteman

  C. performed in various ways D. played mainly in the countryside

  22. What do we know about the concert organized by Whiteman?

  A. It proved jazz could be serious music. B. It attracted more people to theatres.

  C. It made Gershwin leader of the orchestra.

  D. It caused a debate among jazz musicians.

  23. What do we learn from the last paragraph?

  A. Many of Gershwin’s works were lost.

  B. A concert was held in memory of Gershwin.

  C. The death of Gershwin was widely reported.

  D. Brain cancer research started after Gershwin’s death.

  24. Which of the following best describes Gershwin?

  A. Serious and boring. B. Talented and productive.

  C. Popular and unhappy. D. Friendly and honest.

  B

  It may help you to know that there is no such thing as a perfect speech. At some point in every speech, every speaker says something that is not understood exactly as he has planned. Fortunately, such moments are usually not obvious to the listeners, why? Because the listeners do not know what the speaker plans to say, they

  hear only what the speaker does say. If you lose your place for a moment, wrongly change the order of a couple of sentences, or forget to pause at a certain point, no one will be any the wiser. When such moments occur, don’t worry about them. Just continue as if nothing happened.

  Even if you do make an obvious mistake during a speech, that doesn’t really matter. If you have ever listened to Martin Luther King’s famous speech—“I have a dream”, you may notice that he stumbles over his words twice during the speech. Most likely, however, you don’t remember. Why? Because you were fixing your attention on his message rather than on his way of speech-making. People care a lot about making mistakes in a speech because they regard speech-making as a kind of performance rather than as an act of communication. They feel the listeners are like judges in an ice-skating competition. But, in fact, the listeners are not looking for a perfect performance. They are looking for a well-thought-out speech that expresses the speaker’s ideas clearly and directly. Sometimes a mistake or two can actually increase a speaker’s attractiveness by making him more human.

  As you work on your speech, don’t worry about being perfect. Once you free your mind of this, you will find it much easier to give your speech freely.

  25. The underlined part in the first paragraph means that no one will _________.

  A. be smarter than you B. do better than you

  C. notice your mistakes D. know what you are talking about

  26. You don’t remember obvious mistakes in a speech because _________.

  A. you find the way of speech-making more important

  B. you don’t fully understand the speech

  C. you don’t know what the speaker plans to say

  D. you attention is on the content

  27. It can be inferred from the passage that _________.

  A. one or two mistakes in a speech may not be bad

  B. giving a speech is like giving a performance

  C. the listeners should pay more attention to how a speech is made

  D. the more mistake a speaker makes, the more attractive he will be

  28. What would be the best title for the passage?

  A. How to Be a Perfect Speaker B. How to Make a Perfect Speech

  C. Don’t Expect Mistakes in a Speech D. Don’t Expect a Perfect Speech

  C

  Apollo

  For lovers of the arts, Apollo is a truly necessary magazine. Covering the ages and the great civilizations of the world, Apollo brings you well-illustrated yet academic

  articles by internationally famous scholars, as well as information on exhibitions and sales. Experience five monthly issues for as little as £5 each.

  The Guardian Weekly

  The Guardian Weekly gives you a global view with articles from four of the world’s most respected newspapers. Read the news from different views and draw your own conclusions on the stories shaping our world. Try it for 3 months for just £15. 55. Plus get a free copy of The Guardian Year 2003.

  New Internationalist

  Full of excellent writing and photography, the NI covers one key subject each month, from Terrorism to Poverty to Climate Change. Reporters from around the globe provide you with a comprehensive world view. PLUS:masses of fresh reports and stories to keep you up-to-date on world affairs. 3 months free and free World Map.

  The Week

  The Week is the only weekly summary giving you the best of the British and foreign newspapers in just 35 pages. Designed to be read in just 1 hour, it provides you with everything you need and want to know. Try The Week now with 13 issues for just £13. 75. If you decide it’s not for you, just tell us within the first 6 weeks and you can get your money back.

  29. Which of the following magazines will probably provide you with articles about

  music and paintings?

  A. Apollo. B. The Week.

  C. New Internationalist. D. The Guardian Weekly.

  30. Which of the following would you most probably read if you want to get

  information from the world’s most popular newspapers?

  A. Apollo & New Internationalist. B. The Guardian Weekly & The Week.

  C. The Guardian Weekly & New Internationalist. D. Apollo & The Week.

  31. The purpose of writing these four texts is to______.

  A. tell the readers the latest news

  B. introduce the four magazines to new readers

  C. show the importance of the four magazines

  D. get more readers to subscribe(订阅)

  D

  Fear and its companion pain are two of the most useful things that man and animals possess if they are used. If fire didn’t hurt when it burned, children would play with it until their hands were burned away. Similarly, if pain existed but fear didn’t, a child could burn itself again and again because fear would not warn it to keep away from the fire that had burnt it before. A really fearless soldier—and some do exist—is not a good soldier because he is soon killed; and a dead soldier is of no use to his army. Fear and pain are therefore two guards without which man

  and animals might soon die out.

  In our first sentence we suggested that fear ought to be properly used. If, for example, you never go out of your house because of the danger of being knocked down and killed in the street by a car, you are letting fear rule you too much. The important thing is not to let fear rule you, but instead, to use fear as your servant and guide. Fear will warn you of dangers; then you have to decide what action to take.

  In many cases, you can take quick and successful action to avoid the danger. For example, you see a car coming straight towards you; fear warns you, you jump out of the way, and all is well.

  In some cases, however, you decide that there is nothing that you can do to avoid the danger. For example, you cannot prevent an airplane crashing into your house, and you may not want to go and live in a desert where there are no airplanes. In this case, fear has given you its warning, you have examined it and decided on your course of action, so fear of the particular danger is no longer of any use to you, and you have to try to overcome it.

  32. Children would play with fire until their hands are burnt away if _________.

  A. they were not well educated at school B. they were fearful of pain

  C. they had never played with fire before D. they had no sense of pain

  33. People sometimes succeed in timely avoiding danger because _________.

  A. they have gained experience B. they jump out of the way in time

  C. they are warned of the danger and take quick action

  D. they are calm in face of danger

  34. What is implied but not stated in the passage?

  A. Fear is always something helpful B. Too much fear is harmful

  C . Fear is something that can be avoided

  D. Fear ought to be used as our guide in our life

  35. The best title for this passage should be __________.

  A. The Value of Fear B. Pain and Actions

  C. No Pains, No Gains D . The Reason Why People Fear

  第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Many kids help out around the house with chores(家庭杂务), such as sweeping the floor, emptying the dishwasher, taking out the trash and so on. 36

  Paying kids for chores is one of the most hotly debated

  parenting topics, especially at a time where everyone is more concerned about their finances. The logic behind tying allowances to chores is clear. 37 So they should pay kids to do their jobs.

  38 Susie Walton, a parenting educator and family coach, believes that by rewarding kids, parents are sending a message that work isn’t worth doing unless you get something in return. “Running any kind of household is a team effort.” Susie said. “A home is a living space for everyone in the family. It’s important for kids to see that we all have responsibilities in the house, and that families decide together how they want their home to look, and how they are going to keep it looking like everyone wants it to look.”

  39 They believe that getting a cash allowance or other rewards motivates kids to do chores, and it also teaches them real world lessons about how we need to work to earn money. “Our goal is to encourage kids to earn rewards,” says Chris Bergman, founder of Chore Monster. “ 40 ”

  A. Many people hold the view.

  B. In exchange, they get some pocket money or other rewards.

  C. Other people think differently.

  D. But some people do not think that kids should get rewards for doing chores.

  E. Grown-ups get paid to do their jobs.

  F. Kids need positive reinforcement(强化)to help motivate them.

  G. Pay kids is sending a bad message.

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