高考英语阅读训练

2022-04-25 高考英语

  对于高考英语阅读理解,很多同学疑惑有没有好的解题技巧,长沙新东方高考频道在这里给大家总结几条:一是速读全文,了解大意知主题,二是看题干,带着问题读文章,三是逻辑推理,做好深层理解题,四是猜词悟义,扫除阅读拦路虎。不管怎样,想要提高阅读理解分数,需要多练,多总结。今日份的阅读理解题来了,一起来练一练吧。

  高考英语阅读训练1

  Because plants cannot move or talk, most people believe that they have no feelings and that they cannot receive signals from outside. However, this may not be completely true.

  People who studied plants have found out that plants carry a small electrical charge (电荷). It is possible to measure this charge with a small piece of equipment called “galvanometer”. The galvanometer is placed on a leaf off the plant, and it records any changes in the electrical field of the leaf. Humans have a similar field which can change when we are shocked or frightened.

  A man called Backster used a galvanometer for his studies of plants and was very surprised at his results. He found that if he had two or more plants in a room and he began to destroy one of them - perhaps by pulling off its leaves or by pulling it out of its pot - then the galvanometer on the leaves of the other plants showed a change in the electrical field. It seemed as if the plants were signalling a feeling of shock. This happened not only when Backster started to destroy plants, but also when he destroyed other living things such as insects (昆虫).

  Backster said that the plants also knew if someone had destroyed a living thing some distance away, because they signalled when a man who had just cut down a tree entered the room.

  Another scientist, named Sauvin, achieved similar results to Backster’s. He kept galvanometers fixed to his plants all the time and checked regularly to see what the plants were doing. If he was out of the office, he telephoned to find out about the signals the plants were sending. In this way, he found that the plants were sending out signals at the exact times when he felt strong pleasure or pain. In fact, Sauvin could cause a change in the electrical field of his plants over a distance of a few mil

  高考英语阅读训练2

  Advertising is a highly developed twentieth-century industry. The development of radio, television, cinema, magazines and newspapers has gone hand in hand with the development of advertising. Why is advertising so popular? Is it a waste of money? It has been proved again and again that ?repeated advertising increases product sales. Since it increases production, the price can be reduced. Therefore advertising, instead of making a product more expensive, makes it cheaper.

  Advertising is now a scientific business. Once managers would say jokingly, " I know that half of what I spend on advertising is wasted, but I don't know which half." Now, all parts of an advertising programme are properly measured and researched.

  What makes a good advertisement? There have been major changes in advertising in the past sixty years.. People read advertisements partly for information and partly for pleasure. Today's advertisements often start with a question, or a puzzle, with the purpose of attracting the reader's attention. Of course, most advertisements contain information. But this is usually contained in a text that is interesting and often funny. Humour is very important. Sometimes advertisements tell a story, or the story may be continued over a number of advertisements. However, there is a danger in this. It is possible that the reader or viewer will remember the advertisement but not the name of the product.

  1. The purpose of advertising is ____.

  A. to increase product sales

  B. to make a product much better

  C. to spend more money

  D. to reduce the production

  2. Which of the following can be used in place of the underlined phrase "hand in hand&qu

  高考英语阅读训练3

  Although man has known about asbestos for many hundreds of years, it was not until 160 years ago that it was mined for the first time on the North American continent. H. W. Johns, owner of a New York City Supply Shop for roofers, was responsible for (对……负责)the opening of that first mine.

  Mr, Jonhs was given a piece of asbestos which had been found in Italy. He experimented with the material and then showed its surprising powers to his customers. After putting on a pair of asbestos gloves, which looked much like ordinary work gloves, he took red-hot coals from the fireplace and played with them in his hands. How astonished the customers were to discover that he was not burned at all. You can well imaging that he had increasing business in asbestos roofing materials. However, because it was very expensive to transport(carry)them from Italy to the United States, Mr Johns sent out a young scientist to seek a source nearer home. This young man found great vein(岩脉), in the province of Quebec in Canada.

  Ever since 1881 Quebec has led the world in the production of this unusual mineral, which is made up of magnesium, silicon, iron, and oxygen. When it is mined, the asbestos is heavy, just as you would expect a mineral to be. When it is separated, a strange thing happens ;the rock breaks down into fine, soft, soapy fibres(纤维).

  Scientists do not know why the rock can be separated easily into threads(线), but they have found thousands of uses for this fireproof material, of the called the “cloth of stone”.

  1.The title that best expresses the main idea of this passage is _____.

  A.Asbestos mined in Canada B. Fireproof matter

  C.A “Wonder” mineral D. A new roofing material

  高考英语阅读训练4

  Invited by Mr. Ye Huixian, host of the well-received TV programme "Stars Tonight", Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 1991, appeared as the guest hostess on the Shanghai TV screen last Sunday.

  Born in Shanghai and taken to Hongkong when she was only six years old, Luo Lin has never dreamed of being Miss Asia. Her childhood dream was to be an air-hostess. Before she took part in the competition, she had been an air-hostess in Cathay Airline for seven years. However, it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on the stage, dancing, singing, making-up and other proper manners, designed by the Asia TV Station.

  "It's really a hard job for me. I won't enter for such competition any more. Anyhow, I am quite lucky. I am also glad to have had more chance to work for the social welfare since I won the title. This time, in Shanghai, I'd love to make a deep impression on my TV audience," said Luo Lin with a sweet smile.

  1. Luo Lin became Miss Asia because she _____.

  A. was the most beautiful among the girls who took part in the competition

  B. beat all the other girls in the competition

  C. had always been lucky

  D. had been an air hostess

  2. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Luo Lin is a native of Shanghai.

  B. Luo Lin moved to Hongkong with her parents.

  C. Luo Lin won the title of Miss Asia in 1991.

  D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become Miss Asia.

  3. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Luo Lin has hoped to make a

  高考英语阅读训练5

  People today expect to be examined when they enter a doctor's office. At least they expect their blood pressure and temperature to be measured. However, as recently as two hundred years ago, a doctor's treatment depended on talking with patients. In general, the communication between doctors and their patients was the most important part of medical methods. The modem age of medicine began with the stethoscope ,an instrmnent for listening to patients heartbeat and breathing. Before that, a doctor did not touch a patient. In fact,there was no such things as a medical examination.

  The stethoscope──and all other medical instruments──-had a serious effect, on the practice of medicine. Doctors became better at finding the medical problems. More lives were saved. At the same time, doctors gave less importance to the communication between patients and doctors. Some doctors actually stopped talking to their patients. It is easy to understand why some sick people thought themselves as broken machines.

  1. A stethoscope can be used to________.

  A. check health conditions B. cure some illness

  C. measure temperature D. treat heart disease

  2. Doctors gave less importance to the communication between patients and doctors mainly because________.

  A. modern medical instruments were used

  B. they could cure more diseases and save more lives

  C. they had much more medical experience than before

  D. they were too busy to have time to talk with patients

  3. Some sick people thought of themselves as broken machines, which suggested that_______.

  A. modern doctors shou

  高考英语阅读训练6

  Mary and Peter were having a picnic with some friends near a river when Mary notice an object overhead. "Look!" she shouted to her friends. "That's a spaceship up there and it's going to land here."

  Frightened by the strange silver-colored spaceship, most of the young people got in their cars and drove away quickly. Peter was fond of Mary and always stayed close to her. They, more curious than frightened, watched the spaceship land and saw a door open. When nobody came out, they went to the spaceship and entered inside. Peter followed Mary into the spaceship and did not hear the door closed behind him. The temperature fell rapidly and the two young people lost consciousness.

  When they woke up, they were surprised to see that they were back by the river again. The spaceship had gone. Their car was nearby.

  "What happened?" asked Mary.

  Peter scratched (抓) his head, saying slowly, "Don't ask me. Perhaps we had a dream. Did you...Did you see a spaceship?"

  "Yes," said Mary. "And we both went into it. Then..." she looked at her wrist. "That's funny. My watch has stopped. Oh, well, come on. It's time to go home."

  Driving about fifty meters, they found their way blocked by a thick wall made of something like glass. They got out of the car and tried to find their way round the wall but discovered that they were inside a circular wall. It was like a mirror and prevented them from seeing through it.

  On the other side of the wall, strange creatures walked past slowly. A few stopped to stare through the wall and read a new notice which, translated into English, said: "New arrivals at the zoo: a pair of Earthlings in the

  高考英语阅读训练7

  Ternang, Mon, More than 10,000 people were made homeless in Ternang after six days of continuous heavy rain. The wooden bridge across the river has been swept away. The town is cut by flood eaters. At the fifth mile Jalan Tengku, the water is now two metres deep. It is closed to all traffic. Motorists going south are advised to use Jalan Hisamuddin.

  Flooding first appeared at mid-afternoon yesterday along the river banks. People moving to higher ground were just in time to escape from the flood. Most of the people had to leave their possessions behind. Helped by the army, police, Red Cross Society, the whole town was moved out of danger. They are now housed near the town of Tulang. “Everything possible is being done to help the unfortunate people,” a government official said, “In fact, money, food and clothing have begun to come in from organizations and people. “

  According to the latest reports it is still raining heavily at Ternang. The whole town is expected to be totally covered. So far nobody has been reported dead.

  1. Jalan Tengku was closed because ______.

  A. it had broken up

  B. the bridge over it had been washed away

  C. it was deeply flooded

  D. it was damaged

  2. Motorists to the south were advised to ______.

  A. return home B. avoid all roads

  C. move the higher ground D. travel by Jalan Hisamuddin

  3. The flood victims first escaped to ______.

  A. the nearby town B. Jalan Hisamuddin

  C. higher ground D. Tulang

  4. The people are staying ______.

  A. at a newspaper office B. at a police station

  C. in Tulang D. on their roof tops

  5. The flood is expected to ______.

  A. go down B. cause more rain C. become worse D. kill more people

  Keys: 1-5 CDCCC

  高考英语阅读训练8

  If you wish to become a better reader, here are four important points to remember about rate, or speed, of reading:

  1. Knowing why you are reading—what you are reading to find out—will often help you to know whether to read rapidly or slowly.

  2. Some things should be read slowly throughout. Examples are directions for making or doing something, arithmetic problems, science and history books, which are full of important information. You must read such things slowly to remember each important step and understand each important idea.

  3. Some things should be read rapidly throughout. Examples are simple stories meant for enjoyment, news, letters from friends, items, or bits of news from local, or hometown, paper, telling what is happening to friends and neighbours.

  4. In some of your readings, you must change your speed from fast to slow to fast, as you go along. You need to read certain pages rapidly and then slow down and do more careful readings when you come to important ideas which must be remembered.

  1. According to the passage, your reading speed depends on ________.

  A. whether the reading material is easy or difficult

  B. what you are reading

  C. what your purpose in reading something is

  D. both B and C

  2. If one wants to be relaxed by reading, one should take up ________.

  A. a story book

  B. a book on science and technology

  C. news, letters from friends

  D. some material full of information

  3. Which of the following readings should you read slowly and carefully?

  A. Fairy tales.

  B. Aesop’s Fables.

  C. Directions for use of a machine

  D. An evening paper.

  4. Which of the following can best express the main idea of the passage?

  A. How to decide your reading speed.

  B. How to raise your reading speed.

  C. How to improve your reading skills.

  D. How to choose your reading materials.

  Keys: 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A

  高考英语阅读训练9

  Brazil has become one of the developing world’s great successes at reducing population growth-but more by accident than design. While countries such as India have made joint efforts to reduce birth rates, Brazil has had better result without really trying, says George Martine at Harvard.

  Brazil’s population growth rate has dropped from 2.99% a year between 1951 and 1960 to 1.93% a year between 1981 and 1990, and Brazilian women now have only 2.7 children on average. Martine says this figure may have fallen still further since 1990, an achievement that makes it the envy of many other Third World countries.

  Martine puts it down to, among other things, soap operas (通俗电视连续剧) and installment (分期付款) plans introduced in the 1970s. both played an important, although indirect, role in lowering, the birth rate. Brazil is one of the world’s biggest producers of soap operas. Globo, Brazil’s most popular television network, shows three hours of soaps six nights a week, while three others show at least one hour a night. Most soaps are based on wealthy characters living the high life in big cities.

  “Although they have never really tried to work in a message towards the problems of reproduction, they describe middle and upper class values - not many children, different attitudes towards sex, women working,” says Martine. “They sent this image to all parts of Brazil and made people conscious of other patterns of behavior and other values, which were put into a very attractive package.”

  Meanwhile, the installment plans tried to encourage the poor to become consumers (消费者). “This led to an enormous change in consumption (消耗、消费) patterns and consumption was incompatible (不相容的) with unlimited reproduction.” Says Martine.

  1. According to the passage, Brazil has cut back its population growth ____.

  A. by educating its citizens B. by careful family planning

  C. by developing TV programmes D. by chance

  2. According to the passage, many Third World countries ______.

  A. haven’t attacked much importance to birth control

  B. would soon join Brazil in controlling their birth rate

  C. haven’t yet found an effective measure to control their population

  D. neglected the role of TV plays in family planning

  3. Soap operas have helped in lowering Brazil’s birth rate because ____.

  A. they keep people sitting long hours watching TV

  B. they have gradually changed people’s way of life

  C. people are drawn to their attractive package

  D. they popularize birth control measures

  4. What is Martine’s conclusion about Brazil’s population growth?

  A. The increase in birth rate will increase consumption.

  B. The desire for consumption helps to reduce birth rate.

  C. Consumption patterns and reproduction patterns are contradictory (互相矛盾的`)

  D. A country’s production is limited by its population growth.

  KEY: 1-4 D C B B

  高考英语阅读训练10

  A great big fellow, weighing around 250 pounds, walked with slow heavy noisy footsteps up to the produce counter in the supermarket. "Give me half a head of cabbage, "he told the clerk.

  "All we have are whole heads, "came the cold reply.

  "I don't want a whole head, "the customer demanded. "Just half a head. Are you going to sell me half a head? "

  "Wait a minute, "said the clerk nervously, "Let me ask the manager."

  She went back where the manager was stamping prices on canned goods. "Hey",she said,"there's a big,stupid-looking buffalo(水牛)out front who wants me to sell him half ahead of cabbage. Shall I tell the fool to..."She said,"wants to buy the other half."

  1.What is the best title for this passage?

  A.A Strange Customer

  B. A Friendly Customer

  C. A Nervous Customer

  D. A Polite Customer

  2. When talking to the manager, the clerk was referring to______.

  A. two different customers

  B. the same customer

  C. more than two customers

  D. a stupid -looking customer and a gentleman

  3. What is your impression(印象)of the customer?

  A. Looking like an animal.

  B. Looking like a housewife

  C. Looking like a gentleman

  D. A man of strong build.

  高考英语阅读训练11

  Few can refuse to accept the strange coincidences (巧合) in the deaths of John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln. For example, Kennedy was elected in 1960 while Lincoln came into power in the U.S. in 1860. Both men were murdered from behind, on a Friday, and with their wives present. The two men were born exactly one hundred years apart, as were their murderers, Lee Harvey Oswald and John Wilkes Booth. Perhaps the strangest coincidence is that Kennedy’s secretary, whose name was Lincoln, advised him not to go to Dellas where he was shot, and Lincoln’s secretary, whose name was Kennedy, advised him not to go to the Ford Theater where he met his death.

  1. Both of the two men _____.

  A. were presidents of the U.S.

  B. were elected presidents of the U.S. twice

  C. had a secretary by the name of Kennedy

  D. were murdered by the men of the same names.

  2. From the passage we can find out _____.

  A. Oswald and Booth were of an age

  B. Oswald was 100 years older than Booth

  C. Booth was 100 years younger than Oswald

  D. There were 100 years between Oswald and Booth

  3. Abraham Lincoln and john F. Kennedy were murdered _____.

  A. in Dellas B. at a stadium

  C. at a theater D. with their wives on the spot

  4. There were such strange coincidences between the two American presidents that _____.

  A. nobody can accept B. almost everybody can accept

  C. only a few persons can accept D.

  高考英语阅读训练12

  How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing they were young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets.

  Childhood is a time when there are few responsibilities to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved, whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. in addition, life is always presenting new things to the child-things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well-known. But a child has his parents, he is not so free to do what he wishes to do; he is continually being told not to do things or being punished for what he has done wrong. When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society.

  1. According to the second paragraph, the writer thinks that _______.

  A. life for a child is comparatively easy

  B. a child is always loved whatever he does

  C. if much is given to a child, he must do something in return

  D. only children are interested in life

  2. After a child grows up, he ________.

  高考英语阅读训练13

  There were many beautiful buildings in ancient Rome, but the living conditions for ordinary people were bad. Most of their homes were so poorly made that they fell down or were fire hazards (=danger) with their steep, narrow wooden stairways. Most people were packed into apartment buildings that rose shakily (=unsafely) six to twelve floors above the ground. The apartments were rooms about three metres square, and each building housed about five hundred people.

  These tall buildings faced each other across streets only three metres wide, so no sunlight reached the ground. Even so, apartments were costly, though cheaper places could be had outside Rome. But people wanted to be near their work and entertainment. So the streets became crowded and it was hard to move quickly. At night, the streets were filled with noise as food and supplies were brought into the city on wagons and carts.

  1. In ancient Rome, most people lived in ________ apartments.

  A. small and crowded B. clean and tidy

  C. spacious and sunny D. tall and big

  2. The streets in ancient Rome were ________.

  A. crowded and noisy B. wide and bright

  C. narrow and dark D. both A and C

  3. People liked to live in Rome Because________.

  A. the apartments were comfortable

  B. the living expenses were low

  C. they have no money to build houses outside the city

  D. they wanted to enjoy the conveniences of the city

  3. This passage is mainly about ________ in ancient Rome.

  A. the beautiful buildings

  高考英语阅读训练14

  Homing pigeons are placed in a training program from about the time they are twenty-eight days of age.They are taught to enter the loft through a trap and to exercise above and around the loft and gradually they are taken away for short distance in wicker baskets and released.They are then expected to find their way home in the shortest possible time.

  In their training flights or in actual races, the birds are taken to prearranged distant points and released to find their way back to their own lofts.Once the birds are liberated, their owners, who are standing by at the home lofts, anxiously watch the sky for the return of their entries.Since time is of the essence (本质) the speed with which the birds can be induced to enter the loft trap may make the difference between gaining a win or a second place.

  The head of a homing pigeon is comparatively small, but its brain is one quarter larger than that of the ordinary pigeon.The homing pigeon is very intelligent and will persevere to the point of stubbornness (顽强) ;some have been known to fly a hundred miles off course to avoid a storm.

  Some homing pigeon experts claim that this bird is gifted with a form of built-in radar that helps it find its own loft after hours of flight, for hidden under the headfeathers are two very sensitive ears, while the sharp prominent (突出的) eyes can see great distances in daytime.

  Why do homing pigeons fly home? They are not unique in this inherent skill; it is found in most migratory birds, in bees, ants, toads and even turtles, which have been known to travel hundreds of miles to return to their homes.But in the animal world, the homing pigeon alone can be trusted with its freedom and trained to carry out the missions that people demand.

  1.What is the purpose of the passage?

  A.To convince the reader to buy a homing pigeon.

  B.To inform the reader about homing pigeons and their training.

  C.To protect homing pigeons against the threat of extinction.

  D.To encourage the owners of homing pigeons to set the birds free.

  2.According to the passage, what happens to homing pigeons when they are about a month old?

  A.They are kept in a trap.

  B.They enter their first race.

  C.They begin a training program.

  D.They get their wings clipped and marked.

  3.According to the passage, what is the difference between a homing pigeon and an ordinary one?

  A.The span of the wings.

  B.The shape of the eyes.

  C.The texture of the feathers.

  D.The size of the brain.

  4.The underlined word “it” refers to which of the following?

  A.radar B.bird C.loft D.form

  5.Why does the author mention bees, ants, toads and turtles in the last paragraph?

  A.To describe some unusual kinds of pets.

  B.To measure distances traveled by various animals.

  C.To compare their home-finding abilities with those of homing pigeons.

  D.To interest the reader in learning about other animals.

  Keys: 1-5BCDBC

  高考英语阅读训练15

  After we meet people it is up to us to make them our friends. Let us stop a moment and consider what really makes a friend. The major qualities like faithfulness, devotion, friendly company, flash through our minds. But it is the large number of very small particular qualities that make up one's whole character, such as cheerfulness, friendliness, and punctuality. After all, "to make a friend, be a friend" is not such a big and difficult order. There are particular favorable qualities, which attract others to us, and some elements which do have an effect on people in fundamental psychology or not.

  If you are in the presence of a shy person, talking and asking casual (随意的) questions may bring him out of his shell. Think of what would be most acceptable to the other person, for you to talk, or to listen. Either way the goal is to make yourself pleasant.

  Always remember to listen, but listen intelligently. To have anyone "hang on our words" is the most unnoticeably clever way in the world to please somebody. For a few extremely happy seconds we are the center of attraction, but when it is our turn to be audience, let us remember how we felt as the actor, and let's be genuinely (真正地) interested in what the other fellow is saying.

  Other people will like us, if we like them. If you want friends, keep your mind and heart open to friendship. Be alive to the other person's world.

  1. This passage is mainly about ___.

  A. the ways of talking to a shy person

  B. some favorable qualities to be a psychologist

  C. how to make yourself attractive to your listeners

  D. how to make a friend and be a friend

  高考英语阅读训练16

  They think they're lucky that they're living and it's Christmas again. They can't see that we live on a dirty street in a shabby house among people who aren't much good. Johnny and the children can't see how pitiful it is that our neighbors have to make happiness out of this filth and dirt. My children must get out of this. But how? The money that we've saved isn't nearly enough.

  The McGaritys have money, but they are show-offs with it. The McGarity girl just yesterday stood out there in the street eating from a bag of cookies while a ring of hungry children watched her. I saw those children looking at her and crying in their hearts, and when she couldn't eat any more, she shrew the rest down the sewer(阴沟).

  Miss Jackson who teaches at the Settlement House isn't rich, but she knows things. She understands people. Her eyes look straight into yours when she talks with you. Everybody else here looks away because they're ashamed(羞愧)of their lives. I'd like to see the children be like Miss Jackson when they grew up.

  1.The writer suggests that her family _____.

  A.is extremely rich

  B.is an unhappy one

  C.are accustomed to their life

  D.long for a change in their life

  2.The McGarity girl is characterized as _____.

  A.selfish and cruel

  B.friendly and kind

  C.beautiful and proud

  D.rich and nice

  3.The writer thinks Miss Jackson is _____.

  A.poor but brave

  B.friendly and talkative

  高考英语阅读训练17

  Today is the date of that afternoon in April a year ago when I first saw the strange and attractive doll(玩具娃娃)in the window of Abe Sheftel's toy shop on Third Avenue near Fifteenth Street, just around the corner from my office, where the plate on the door reads. Dr Samuel Amory. I remember just how it was that day: the first sign of spring floated across the East River, mixing with the soft - coal smoke from the factories and the street smells of the poor neighbourhood. As I turned the corner on my way to work and came to Sheftel's, I was made once more known of the poor collection of toys in the dusty window, and I remembered the coming birthday of a small niece of mine in Cleveland, to whom I was in the habit of sending small gifts.

  Therefore, I stopped and examined the window to see if there might be anything suitable, and looked at the collection of unattractive objects--a red toy fire engine, some lead soldiers, cheap baseballs, bottles of ink, pens, yellowed envelopes, and advertisements for soft - drinks. And thus it was that my eyes finally came to rest upon the doll stored away in one corner, a doll with the strangest, most charming expression on her face. I could not wholly make her out, due to the shadows and the film of dust through which I was looking, but I was sure that a deep impression had been made upon me as though I had run into a person, as one does sometimes with a stranger, with whose personality one is deeply impressed.

  1. What made an impression on the author?

  A. The doll's unusual face.

  B. The collection of toys.

  C. A stranger he met at the store.

  D. The beauty and size of the doll.

  2. Why does the author mention his niece?

  高考英语阅读训练18

  Some English words are made up of the same part and have different beginnings and different endings, such as import, report and transport. All these words, you can see, have the same root "port", which comes from the Latin word, meaning"to carry'or"to move"from one place to another. And according to the bit at the beginning- which we call the prefix(~S~) -the meaning changes: "import" means "to...... carry in” or "to bring into a country”; export , "ex" means "out of" , so this word means "to carry out of a country"; "re" means "back”, so the word "report” means "to tell somebody to bring back information to somebody"; "transport", "trans" means "across" and it means " to carry across one place to another".

  Let's look at the following words: supporter, reporter, importer and exporter. You can see that in this case these words are nouns which are made up of the verbs plus a suffix(后辍) ,thus meaning a person who completes the verb. So supporter means somebody who supports. A reporter is somebody who reports. Importer is somebody who imports and exporter is somebody who exports, and so on.

  1. In the sentence "Some English words are made up of the same part…'", "part" means _______.

  A. different beginnings and different endings

  B. the root of a word

  C. the same root which has different meanings

  D. the same part which has several meanings

  2. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

  A. Apart from"port”, most English words have

  高考英语阅读训练19

  When you are next in Nanoko, be sure to stay at the Garden Hotel.Whether you come on business or on holiday, you will find everything as comfortable and as convenient as you would expect in a first-class international hotel.

  Every bedroom has its own private bathroom, telephone, wall-to-wall carpeting and colourful, modern materials and furniture in the local style.

  In the Mitsu Restaurant, you can choose your meals from as wide a variety of dishes, both Eastern and European, as you will find anywhere in the country.In the Beach Bar, you can drink with your family and friends in air-conditioned comfort, to the music of internationally known artists.Or you can take your drink outside into the beautiful garden that gives the hotel its name, or to the tables that surround the swimming pool.Throughout the hotel, you will find the service is both friendly and efficient.

  By day, the pool is alive with the holiday spirit and the happy shouting of children;and by right, soft lights and music make it the perfect place for a party, or simply for an after-dinner drink and conversation.

  The Garden Hotel has its own private mini-bus service.Give us a ring and we will arrange to collect you at the airport or in the city center.Every day a bus leaves the hotel for day trips up into the hills to see the ruined city of Morote, or the villages and temples of the hill people;oralong the coast to the seaside towns and wonderful beaches of Cape St Germain.

  If you prefer, we can arrange for you to visit the Wainiri Islands that lie just off the coast.Here you can swim and sun-bathe in private and in peace;or you can fish for one of the many varieties of sea-life for which the Wainiris are justly famous.

  The Garden Hotel is right on the beach, only five minutes for Nanoko’s modern shopping centre.Here you will find all that money can buy, at prices you can afford.

  GARDEN HOTEL, BEACH AVENUE, NANOKO, P.R.T.TEL:46-0488

  1.The Mitsu Restaurant serves food

  A.of both Eastern and Western varieties.

  B.from all over the country, in air-conditioned comfort.

  C.That is air-conditioned, friendly and efficient.

  D.from which you can choose meals in the local style.

  2.Service is both friendly the efficient’ means ______.

  A. you can meet your friends there in air-conditioned comfort

  B. you can serve yourself, your family and friends

  C. internationally-known artists will serve you

  D. you get what you want quickly and pleasantly

  3.The hotel can arrange for the visitor to ______.

  A. go fishing off Cape St Germain, near Wainiri

  B. go across to the Wainiri Islands to swim or fish

  C. see the famous sea-life off the coast of the Wainiri

  D. go by bus to the Wainiri Island, for peace and quiet

  4.You will find the Garden Hotel ______.

  A.close to shops where everything is cheap and justly famous

  B.on the beach where you will find all that money can buy

  C.on the beach not far from Nanoko’s excellent shops

  D.just off the coast, five minutes from the shops

  KEY: 1-4 ADBC

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