高考英语painful的用法

2021-02-03 高考英语

  The operation was successful, but I still felt _________.

  A. very painful B. much painful C. a lot of pain D. very paining

  此题容易误选A,想当然地认为:pain 表示“痛”,其形容词painful自然表示表示“感到疼痛的.”。

  其实 painful 的意思并不是“感到疼痛的”,而是表示“使人感到疼痛的”、“使人感到痛苦的”,所以它通常用于说明事物,而不宜用于说明人。比较并体会:

  他仍很痛苦。

  正:He is still in pain.

  误:He’s still painful.

  你感到痛吗 ?

  正:Do you feel any pain?

  误:Are you painful?

  见到你这样生活我很痛心。

  正:I am pained to see you living this way.

  误:I am painful to see you living this way.

  听到他的死讯,我们都很痛苦。

  误:We were all painful to hear of his death.

  正:We were all pained to hear of his death.

  他眼睛痛。

  正:He has painful eyes.

  误:He’s painful in the eyes.

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