中考英语定语从句习题

2021-01-28 中考英语

  1. There are two caps on the table, _______ belongs to Tom.

  A. the smaller of which B. the small of which C. the smaller of them D. the small one

  2. My brother had become a doctor, ______ was what he wanted to be.

  A. who B. what C. that D. which

  3. There is a mountain _______ the top is always covered with snow.

  A. whose B. of which C. it's D. that

  4. Is there a post office around ______ I can get some stamps?

  A. which B. what C. where D. that

  5. He talked happily about the man and books _______ interested him greatly in the school.

  A. which B. that C. who D. when

  6. There isn't a dictionary _______ you can find everything.

  A. that B. which C. where D. in that

  7. He wanted to know the time ________ he needed to know.

  A. that B. when C. where D. what

  8. Lucy's pet cat died, _______ made her very sad.

  A. as B. which C. that D. whose

  9. This is one of the best films ________ this year.

  A. have been show B. that have shown

  C. that have been shown D. which has been shown

  10. Is _______ some foreigners visited last week?

  A. this factory B. this the factory C. this factory one D. the factory where

  11. I'll give you ______ he gave me last week.

  A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all

  12. I'll never forget the day ________ I joined the army.

  A. where B. when C. why D. that

  13. That is the reason ________ he didn't come to your birthday.

  A. why B. that C. which D. when

  14. The doctor ________ we met at the gate works in the nearby hospital.

  A. / B. who C. which D. he

  15. His book is not the only thing _______ has been stolen.

  A. that B. / C. which D. who

  参考答案

  1. A 这是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是two caps, 关系代词which在定语从句中作主语。C,D不是定语从句,指两个中较小的那个,应用形容词的比较级。故选A。

  2. D 这是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是doctor, 在本句中指职业。关系代词在定语从句中作主语。Who引导的定语从句先行词指人,that不用于非限制定语从句。What 不用于引导定语从句。故选D。

  3. B 先行词是mountain, of which等于where, 在定语从句中作地点状语。Whose, that在定语从句中不作状语,it's不引导定语从句。故选B。

  4. C 先行词是post office, 关系副词where在定语从句中作地点状语。Which, that不能在定语从句中作地点状语,what不引导定语从句。故选C。

  5. B 先行词是the man and books,既有人又有物。关系代词that在定语从句中作主语。当先行词既有人又有物时,只能用that引导定语从句。故选B。

  6. C 先行词是a dictionary, 关系副词where在定语从句中作状语。That, which在定语从句中不作状语。That在定语从句中作介词宾语时,介词不可以放在它的前面。故选C。

  7. A 先行词是the time, 关系代词that在定语从句中作know的宾语。When, where在定语从句中不作宾语,what不引导定语从句。故选A。

  8. B 这是一个非限制性定语从句,关系代词which在定语从句中作主语,指代Lucy's pet cat died这一个句子。在引导非限制性定语从句时,which可代表前面的一句话,译成"这一点,这件事"。As引导定语从句时,不可指代一个句子,that不用于非限制性定语从句,this不引导这定语从句。故选B。

  9. C 先行词是the best films,关系代词that在定语从句中作主语。当先行词是最高级或被最高级所修饰时,只能用that引导定语从句。故选C。

  10. B 主句是is this the factory, 先行词是factory, 关系代词that/ which在定语从句中作visited的宾语。关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时可以省略。选项A,C,指代不明。选项D中where不可作定语从句的.宾语。故选B。

  11. D 主句是I'll give you all, 先行词是不定代词all, 关系代词that在定语从句中作gave的直接宾语。关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时可以省略。A选项中当先行词是不定代词时,不用which引导的定语从句。B选项中what不引导定语从句。C选项中that作give 的直接宾语,指代不明。故选D。

  12. B 先行词是the day指时间,关系副词在定语从句中作时间状语。Where, when, that不能在定语从句中作时间状语。故选B。

  13. A 先行词是the reason指原因, 关系副词在定语从句中作原因状语。That, which, when不能在定语从句中作原因状语。故选A。

  14. A 先行词是the doctor指人,关系代词that/whom在定语从句中作宾语。关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时可以省略,在这里省略了that或whom。Who在定语从句中不作宾语。Which引导的定语从句修饰的先行词指物,he不引导定语从句。故选A。

  15. A 先行词the only thing指物,关系代词that在定语从句中作主语。当先行词被the only修饰时,只能用that引导定语从句。故选A。

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