中考英语形容词和副词例题答案解析

2021-01-29 中考英语

  [误] My father will be back from America at present.

  [正] My father will be back from America presently.

  [析] presently有两个意思:其一是最近,不久,其二在美语中是现在之意,与at present相同。而for the present为暂时,如: I teach English in the school for the present.

  [误] I'll be back at the moment.

  [正] I'll be back in a moment.

  [析] at the moment 其意为"现在,当时",而in a moment意为"马上过一会",与in a minute意思相近。

  [误] The train from Shanghai will arrive here in time.

  [正] The train from Shanghai will arrive here on time.

  [析] on time为"准时",而in time有两个含意。其一是"及时",如:The doctor arrived in time。其二是"将来,终究"。

  [误] I met an old friend sometimes last month.

  [正] I met an old friend sometime last month.

  [析] Sometime 过去,或者将来某时。 Sometimes 有时

  如: Sometimes I go to school by bus.?Some time 一些时间

  如: I need sometime to do my homework.? Some times 几次

  如: I went to Shanghai sometimes this month.

  at times 有时,偶尔?

  at all times 经常?

  some other time 改天

  [误] I had met an old friend three days ago.

  [正] I had met an old friend three days before.

  [正] I met an old friend three days ago.

  * ago 用在时间状语中时,主句中谓语动词一般用过去时,而before用于时间状语时则主句的谓语动词宜用完成时态。

  [误] He studied very hard. and at the end he passed the exam.

  [正] He studied very hard, and in the end he passed the exam.

  [析] in the end=at last 意为"最终,终于",表达经过若干努力而达到的结果。而at the end是在某事的结束时如何如何,如:At the end of class, the teacher gave us some story books。

  [误] I will come here to help you each three days.

  [正] I will come here to help you every three days.

  [析] every three days 为"每三天",即每隔二天,而every other day为每隔一天。

  [误] He didn't go to the cinema yesterday. and I didn't go, too.

  [正] He didn't go to the cinema yesterday and I didn't go either.

  [析] 英语中表示"也",有4个字,also, as well, too, either,但either用于否定句中,而前3个用于肯定句中。在肯定句中too与as well一般要用在句尾,而also则可用于句中。如:She went to the party and her boy friend went there too. 又如: I've also read her other novels.

  [误] We should help the poor girl in anyway.

  [正] We should help the poor girl in any way.

  [析] anyway为"不管怎么"讲,"无论如何",如:What a terrible accident, anyway no one was hurt.

  any way 为"任何方式"。这种常见的'错误还发生在以下几组词中,如:

  everyday 日常的 every day 每天

  faraway 遥远的 far away 远离

  altogether 总计 all together 一块,大家一起

  already 已经 all ready 全准备好了

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